The Holocaust By Emerald Garrett
The Holocaust was a tragic event that the Nazi party began in 1941, although the Nazi had been building concentration camps since early 1930’s. This tragic event occurred throughout German occupied areas in Europe to purge those that the Nazis deemed undesirable. Over 17 million deaths resulted from the Holocaust, of those, 6 million were of Jewish heritage. The other 9 million were murdered because of their undesirable traits such as homosexuality, mental illness, physical deformity, or being from cultural background that wasn’t German. Adolf Hitler’s cleansing of the world resulted in the use of toxic gas, also known as genocide, carried out during WWII. After 1933, Adolf Hitler’s government passed laws, known as the Nuremberg laws, to eliminate Jews from society. The laws then lead the Nazi party to occupy and influence countries during the war, killing 2 of every 3 Jews as a part of Hitler’s “final solution.” In 1942, Nazi authorities transported millions of European Jews from Germany to killing centers or extermination camps. They then murdered thousands in specially developed gassing chambers. The few that were not executed were then used as slaves, kept in compacted rooms with little to no food. Eliel Wiesel, one of those few survivors, has dedicated his life to keeping the memory of the holocaust alive. Wiesel survived most of his youth in one of the many concentration camps where Hitler held and executed the Jews. He tells of the world of the tragic events he suffered during Hitler’s reign. “I have tried. I have tried to keep the memory alive, I have tried to fight those who would forget,” he stated in this speech for the Nobel peace prize. He told the world what it was like, the smell of bodies gassed or burned in large compartments allowing murder of thousands in minutes. He tells of nights he spent in a train car with no food or water, he tells all this and more in his book, “Night.” He hopes he can create a new world, one where on one stays quite.
The genocide of Jews and many other inferior groups continued until the end of WWII in Europe in May 1945, ending Hitler’s reign.